Personal: Born 1944,
Brooklyn, NY; Ph.D. 1978, Hebrew Univ.; Sen. Lect. 1984; Assoc. Prof. 1989; Prof. 1996.
Social, political and religious history
of the Jews in the Second Temple, Mishna and Talmud periods (up to the 7th century C.E.).
Diaspora communities in Late Antiquity and their links to the Judean center. The Jews of
Babylonia. Talmudic chronology and historiography.
Abstract of Current Research:
Attitudes towards the phenomenon of
Jewish Diaspora in Late Antiquity:
This study entails examination of
shifting Jewish attitudes and reflections on the Diaspora as a social and religious
phenomenon, and on the status of Diaspora Jewry in Late Antiquity. A comparison is made of
Hellenistic-Jewish and rabbinic statements. The role of political developments in the
forming of positions towards the Diaspora and its legitimacy - or illegitimacy - is
GAFNI, I. The Jews of Babylonia in
the Talmudic Era: A Social and Cultural History. Jerusalem, The Zalman Shazar Center,
1990, 312 pp.
GAFNI, I. The institution of Jewish
marriage in rabbinic times. In: The Jewish Family - Metaphor and Memory, ed. D.
Kraemer, Oxford/New York, Oxford University Press, 1989, pp.13-30.
GAFNI, I. Expressions and types of
"local-patriotism" among the Jews of Sasanian Babylonia. In: Irano-Judaica II,
eds. S. Shaked and A. Netzer, Jerusalem, The Ben-Zvi Institute, 1990, pp.63-71.